In our social structure a woman is expected to perform multiple roles like taking care of the home, looking after the well-being of a family, bringing up children and also contributing towards the family earnings by doing a job. This is largely true for both urban & rural womenfolk. This incessant pressure and the concomitant stress thus causes several health issues and complications for both sections of women, be it rural or urban. So, women’s health is critical from a societal perspective and has become a national imperative. Hence the National Commission for Women was created in 1992 to safeguard women’s health rights in India. Despite such nationwide programs, the health of Indian women continues to be deficient.

The root causes for health problems for rural women are acute gender inequality, lack of awareness, lack of access to healthcare facilities, too much hard work and poor diet leading to nutritional deficiency. Urban women are subjected to intense stress due to the conflict between work and family life affecting the hormonal system of their bodies thus leading to myriads of gynaecological issues. Irrespective of where she belongs to, certain problems like anaemia, menstrual and fertility problems are very common and has seen an alarming rise in the last few years.

As per ASSOCHAM, 68% working women suffer from disorders arising due to poor lifestyle like Obesity, Cardio Vascular disorders and at times infertility¹ . Studies have found that nearly one third of healthy lives lost of women are due to gynaecological diseases. The most prevalent of these are Menstruation problems (85% to 93%)² , Polycystic ovary syndrome (6-20%)³ , Endometriosis (34% to 48%)⁴ and Infertility (10% to 14%)⁵ , Obesity (80% of urban Indian working women in the age group 25- 45 years)¹ .

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