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Fitness is far more than just displaying an adorable physical appearance! It means physical, mental, and emotional well-being! Maintaining a healthy body weight plays a pivotal role in the holistic sense of well-being of an individual! Being either underweight or overweight carries certain health risks, which in turn impacts mental health! Therefore, one must sustain certain activity levels, nutrition, lifestyle, and other health conditions. In some cases, a balanced nutritional supplement provides the right amount of energy, thereby helping body weight management!
Weight management is not a simple course which can be followed to achieve its result without any uncertainty! It is in fact trying out many promising methods to find out the best fit tactic to achieve the desired BW-goal for an individual! Therefore, there is no standard success-formula for all! Weight management demands strong self-discipline, drill, scientifically designed diet, and supplementation to fortify diet with key nutrients. Above all, psychological resilience / determination to attain, measure and maintain a certain weight is fundamental. Thus, practicing a holistic regimen towards lifestyle modification involving the drill and the diet inflicts a stiff challenge to accomplish the goal!
There are primarily 2 types of weight management based on the principle of ‘Energy Balance’
Energy balance is important for maintaining a healthy body weight. The basic components of energy balance include energy intake, energy expenditure, and energy storage. Body weight can change only when energy intake is not equal to energy expenditure over a given period. We take in energy in the form of protein, carbohydrate, and fat.
The amount of energy or calories we get from food and drinks (energy Input) is balanced by the energy our body consumes for life processes like breathing, digesting, and being physically active (energy Output).
To understand how our energy balance should affect our weight, we need to determine whether we have a positive or negative balance. Energy balance is simply the relationship between our energy input and our energy output.
Energy Input (calories in) - Energy Output (calories out) = Energy Balance
A positive energy balance occurs when energy input is greater than energy output. We eat more calories than what we burn. Our body stores excess energy or calories as fat. This results in weight gain.
Weight loss occurs when we create a negative energy balance. We burn more calories than we consume. When this imbalance occurs, our body burns stored energy (fat) to function, and we lose weight. A negative energy balance is sometimes called a calorie deficit.
However, a severe negative energy balance leads to a decline in metabolism, decrease in bone mass, reduction in thyroid hormones, testosterone levels etc; as a result, gradually, physical, and mental performance diminishes.